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Why tourists choose Koshi Tapu wildlife reserves as tour destination?

Why tourists choose Koshi Tapu wildlife reserves as tour destination?

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19th Jul, 2023

Why tourists choose Koshi Tapu wildlife reserves as tour destination?

Tourists choose Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve as a tour destination for several compelling reasons. Firstly, the reserve is renowned for its extraordinary biodiversity, boasting a diverse range of ecosystems, including wetlands, grasslands, and riverine forests. This variety of habitats supports a remarkable array of flora and fauna, making it a paradise for nature enthusiasts. The reserve is particularly famous for its rich birdlife, with over 450 species of birds recorded, including many rare and migratory species. Birdwatchers from around the world are drawn to Koshi Tappu to witness the captivating dance of the critically endangered Bengal florican and to spot numerous waterbirds, such as storks, ibises, herons, and ducks.
Secondly, Koshi Tappu offers unique opportunities for river safaris and nature walks. Exploring the reserve by boat along the Koshi River allows visitors to get up close to wildlife like the endangered Gangetic dolphin, smooth-coated otter, and several species of crocodiles. Nature walks through the reserve's diverse landscapes provide an intimate experience with the flora and fauna, accompanied by knowledgeable guides who share insights about the environment and its conservation.
Furthermore, Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve provides a chance to immerse oneself in the local Tharu culture. The Tharu community, known for their unique traditions, warm hospitality, and vibrant art forms, offers cultural programs and performances that showcase their heritage. Visitors can participate in traditional dances, explore Tharu villages, and gain insights into the traditional lifestyle and customs of the locals, adding a cultural dimension to their wildlife experience.
In addition, the reserve offers a tranquil and serene ambiance, providing a retreat from the bustling city life. The peaceful surroundings, breathtaking landscapes, and abundance of wildlife create an ideal setting for relaxation and rejuvenation. The reserve's commitment to conservation and sustainable practices further enhances its appeal, as tourists can contribute to the preservation of this remarkable ecosystem.
Overall, tourists choose Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve as a tour destination for its exceptional biodiversity, captivating birdwatching opportunities, river safaris, cultural experiences, and the chance to unwind in a serene natural environment. It offers a unique and enriching experience that combines the wonders of nature, cultural heritage, and a sense of tranquility.

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Major Highlights of Koshi Tapu wildlife Reserves Tour

The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve tour offers several major highlights that make it a memorable experience for visitors. Here are some of the key highlights of a tour to Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve:
Extraordinary Birdwatching: 
Koshi Tappu is a renowned birdwatching destination, attracting bird enthusiasts from around the world. The reserve is home to over 450 species of birds, including the critically endangered Bengal florican, which performs its elaborate courtship display during the breeding season. Other notable bird species include various types of storks, ibises, herons, ducks, and raptors. The diverse habitats within the reserve, such as wetlands, grasslands, and riverine forests, provide an ideal environment for a wide array of avian species.
River Safaris:
 One of the major highlights of the tour is the opportunity to embark on river safaris along the Koshi River. Exploring the river by boat offers a chance to observe the fascinating wildlife that inhabits the waterways, such as the endangered Gangetic dolphins, crocodiles, and various water birds. The serene boat ride through the calm waters provides a unique perspective and allows for close encounters with these incredible creatures.
Wildlife Encounters: 
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is not only renowned for its avian diversity but also for its rich mammal population. During the tour, visitors have the chance to spot several wildlife species, including the rare wild water buffalo, hog deer, spotted deer, golden jackal, and possibly even the elusive Bengal tiger. The reserve is also home to reptiles like the gharial crocodile and the Indian python, adding to the thrill of wildlife sightings.
Cultural Experiences:
 The surrounding areas of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve are inhabited by the indigenous Tharu community. Interacting with the local Tharu people provides visitors with a unique cultural experience. You can explore their traditional villages, witness their unique dances and cultural performances, and learn about their customs and way of life. This cultural immersion adds depth to the tour, allowing visitors to appreciate the local heritage and traditions.
Scenic Landscapes and Tranquility:
 The landscape of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is characterized by serene wetlands, lush grasslands, and picturesque riverine forests. The tranquility of the surroundings creates a peaceful atmosphere, providing visitors with a chance to escape the hustle and bustle of city life and immerse themselves in the beauty of nature. The breathtaking vistas, encompassing the river, marshes, and sprawling grasslands, offer a calming and visually captivating experience.
Conservation Efforts: 
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is actively involved in conservation initiatives aimed at preserving its diverse ecosystems and protecting endangered species. Visitors have the opportunity to learn about these conservation efforts and understand the importance of preserving natural habitats. By supporting and participating in the tour, visitors contribute to the conservation efforts and help sustain the ecological balance of the reserve.

Things to know before going to Koshi Tapu Wildlife reserves Tour

Before embarking on a tour to Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, here are some important things to know:
Obtain the necessary permits before entering the wildlife reserve. This includes the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve Entry Permit, which can be obtained at the entrance gate or from the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation in Kathmandu.
Best Time to Visit: 
The best time to visit Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is during the dry season, from October to March. During this time, the weather is pleasant, and the wildlife is more active. However, it's essential to check the local weather conditions and river levels, as heavy rains or flooding can affect accessibility.
Accommodation and Facilities: 
The reserve offers basic accommodation options such as lodges and tents within the reserve area. However, the facilities may be basic, and it's advisable to bring your own camping gear if you prefer camping. Electricity and hot water availability may be limited. It's also essential to carry sufficient food and water supplies, as there may not be many options for purchasing supplies within the reserve.
Guided Tours: 
It is recommended to hire a local guide or join a guided tour for a more enriching and informative experience. Local guides have in-depth knowledge about the wildlife, flora, and fauna of the reserve, as well as the cultural aspects of the region.
Wildlife Viewing: 
Wildlife sightings can be unpredictable, so it's important to maintain patience and be prepared for potentially long periods of observation. Keep a respectful distance from the animals and avoid disturbing their natural behavior. Binoculars and cameras with telephoto lenses are recommended for capturing wildlife moments.
Safety and Health: 
It's advisable to carry insect repellent to protect against mosquito bites. Also, wear appropriate clothing to shield yourself from the sun and prevent sunburn. Drink purified or bottled water to avoid any waterborne illnesses. It's recommended to carry a basic first aid kit and any necessary medications.
Responsible Tourism: 
Respect the natural environment and adhere to park regulations. Avoid littering and carry out any waste generated during your visit. Observe wildlife from a distance and refrain from feeding or touching them. Follow designated trails and respect the peace and tranquility of the reserve.

Local Customs and Etiquette: 
Familiarize yourself with the local customs and traditions of the Tharu community, who reside in the surrounding areas. Dress modestly and respect their cultural practices. Seek permission before taking photographs of people or their property.

By being well-prepared and informed, you can make the most of your tour to Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and have a safe and enjoyable experience exploring the remarkable biodiversity and cultural heritage of the region.

Koshi Tapu Wildlife Reserves Tour Itinerary from Kathmandu 

Here is a 7 days itinerary for a Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve tour starting from Kathmandu:
Day 1: Arrival in Kathmandu
Upon your arrival in Kathmandu, you will be transferred to your hotel. Take the day to relax and prepare for the upcoming tour. You can explore the vibrant streets of Thamel, a popular tourist area in Kathmandu.
Day 2: Kathmandu to Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve (Approx. 8-9 hours)
Start your journey from Kathmandu early in the morning, driving east towards Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve. The scenic drive takes you through the beautiful landscapes of Nepal, passing by small towns and countryside. Arrive at Koshi Tappu in the afternoon and check-in at your lodge or campsite. In the evening, enjoy a cultural program showcasing traditional Tharu dances.
Day 3: Birdwatching and River Safari
Embark on an early morning birdwatching excursion in the reserve, accompanied by experienced bird guides. Explore the wetlands and grasslands where you can spot a wide variety of bird species. After breakfast, enjoy a thrilling river safari along the Koshi River, observing wildlife such as Gangetic dolphins, crocodiles, and various water birds.
Day 4: Wildlife Safari and Nature Walks
Set off on a wildlife safari in the reserve, either in a vehicle or on foot, accompanied by knowledgeable guides. This safari offers the opportunity to spot wildlife like wild water buffalo, hog deer, spotted deer, and possibly even tigers. Take nature walks through the reserve's diverse habitats, learning about the flora and fauna from your guides.
Day 5: Cultural Experience and Village Visit
Spend the day exploring the local Tharu villages surrounding the reserve. Interact with the Tharu community, learn about their traditional lifestyle, and witness their cultural practices. Visit their homes, observe their handicrafts, and enjoy the warm hospitality. In the evening, enjoy traditional Tharu cuisine and cultural performances.
Day 6: Departure from Koshi Tappu to Kathmandu
After breakfast, bid farewell to Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and begin your return journey to Kathmandu. Arrive in Kathmandu by late afternoon or evening and transfer to your hotel. You can spend the evening exploring the city or shopping for souvenirs.
Day 7: Departure from Kathmandu
Depending on your flight schedule, you may have some free time to explore more of Kathmandu or visit nearby attractions. Transfer to the airport for your departure, concluding your Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve tour.

Difficulties during the trip to Koshi Tapu Wildlife Reserves

While a trip to Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is generally manageable and enjoyable, there are a few potential difficulties to be aware of:
Hot and Humid Climate:

The Terai region, where Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is located, can experience hot and humid weather, especially during the summer months. The high humidity levels combined with the heat can make outdoor activities uncomfortable. It's important to stay hydrated, wear appropriate clothing, and use sun protection to minimize the impact of the weather.
Mosquitoes and Insects: Due to the wetland nature of the reserve, mosquitoes and other insects can be present in certain areas. It's advisable to carry insect repellent and use mosquito nets while sleeping to protect yourself from mosquito bites and other insect-related discomforts.
Basic Accommodation Facilities:

The accommodation facilities within or near Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve may be basic, with limited amenities. Electricity and hot water availability can be inconsistent, and the overall infrastructure may not match the standards of urban areas. It's recommended to have realistic expectations and come prepared with essential items such as flashlights, extra batteries, and toiletries.
Remote Location:

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is located in a relatively remote area of Nepal. Accessing the reserve may involve long drives, particularly if coming from Kathmandu or other major cities. The roads leading to the reserve can be challenging in certain sections, especially during the monsoon season. It's advisable to plan for sufficient travel time and be prepared for the road conditions.
Limited Food Options:

While basic meals are typically provided at the accommodations within or near the reserve, there may be limited options for dining outside of the designated areas. It's advisable to inform the lodge or tour operator in advance if you have any dietary restrictions or specific food preferences. Carrying some snacks or energy bars is also recommended for convenience.
Wildlife Sightings:

While Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is known for its rich biodiversity, wildlife sightings can never be guaranteed. Animals, especially the more elusive ones, can be difficult to spot, and their presence is subject to factors such as weather, time of day, and luck. Patience and a keen eye are required for wildlife observation.

Most Frequently Asked Question about Koshi Tapu Wildlife Reserves Tour

How much does it cost for Koshi Tapu Wildlife Reserves Tour?

The cost of a 7-day Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve tour from Kathmandu can vary depending on several factors such as accommodation choices, transportation options, and the inclusion of guided activities and meals. On average, a 7-day tour package can range from $600 to $1200 per person. This cost usually includes accommodation for the duration of the tour, meals, transportation from Kathmandu to the reserve and back, entry permits, and guided activities such as birdwatching, river safaris, and wildlife encounters. However, it's important to note that international flights, travel insurance, personal expenses, and tips for guides and staff are generally not included. The cost may also vary based on the level of comfort and luxury desired. It's advisable to consult with a reputable tour operator or travel agency to get a detailed itinerary and accurate cost estimate based on your specific requirements and preferences.

What are the best season for Koshi Tapu Wildlife Reserves Tour?

The best seasons for a Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve tour are the dry seasons, which are generally considered the most favorable for wildlife viewing and outdoor activities. The recommended seasons are:
Autumn (October to November): This season offers pleasant weather with clear skies and mild temperatures. The vegetation is lush and vibrant, attracting a wide variety of bird species. It is an excellent time for birdwatching, wildlife sightings, and river safaris.
Winter (December to February): Despite the colder temperatures, the winter season offers comfortable daytime temperatures for exploration. The skies remain clear, and the reduced foliage allows for better visibility of wildlife. Migratory birds can also be observed during this time.
Spring (March to May): Spring brings warmer temperatures and blooming flora, creating a beautiful backdrop for the wildlife reserve. The vegetation is lush, and the bird activity is high. It is an ideal time for birdwatching, as well as witnessing various wildlife species.
It's important to note that the monsoon season (June to September) brings heavy rainfall and can lead to flooded areas, making wildlife spotting and outdoor activities challenging.

Where should we accommodate while trip to Koshi Tapu Wildlife Reserves tour?

During your trip to Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, there are several accommodation options available to suit your preferences. You can choose to stay in comfortable lodges or resorts located near the reserve, offering a blend of modern amenities and a close proximity to nature. These accommodations provide a tranquil setting amidst lush greenery, allowing you to relax and unwind after a day of wildlife exploration. Alternatively, for a more immersive experience, you can opt for eco-friendly tented camps within the reserve itself, where you can fully immerse yourself in the sights and sounds of the wilderness. Regardless of your choice, both options provide a comfortable base for your adventure, ensuring a memorable and rejuvenating stay in the captivating surroundings of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve.

Migratory birds in Koshi Tapu Wildlife Reserves

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is renowned for its rich diversity of migratory birds, making it a paradise for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts. Each year, the reserve becomes a temporary home to a staggering number of avian species, as they migrate from different parts of the world. These migratory birds include the majestic Siberian crane, endangered species such as the black-necked stork and great stone-curlew, as well as a multitude of ducks, geese, herons, and egrets. As you explore the reserve's wetlands, marshes, and riverine habitats, you will be treated to the enchanting sights and sounds of these feathered travelers, creating a breathtaking spectacle and offering a truly unforgettable experience for bird lovers.


In conclusion, Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is a captivating destination that offers a unique and enriching experience for nature enthusiasts. With its diverse ecosystems, ranging from wetlands to grasslands, the reserve provides a haven for an incredible array of wildlife, including rare and endangered species. From the majestic elephants and elusive tigers to the vibrant birdlife and mesmerizing migratory birds, Koshi Tappu presents a treasure trove of natural wonders waiting to be explored. With opportunities for safaris, birdwatching, and immersive stays, visitors can immerse themselves in the beauty of this ecological gem. Whether you seek adventure, tranquility, or a deeper connection with nature, a trip to Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve promises an unforgettable journey filled with remarkable sights, sounds, and memories that will last a lifetime.