The Makalu Expedition is a challenging and prestigious mountaineering endeavor that involves climbing Makalu, the fifth highest peak in the world at 8,485 meters (27,838 feet). Located in the Mahalangur Himalayas, on the border between Nepal and China, the expedition demands exceptional physical fitness, technical climbing skills, and a strong mindset to tackle the extreme altitude, unpredictable weather, and treacherous terrain. The climb typically starts from the Nepalese side, with climbers facing multiple camps, steep ridges, icefalls, and crevasses before reaching the summit. The expedition not only offers breathtaking views of the surrounding Himalayan peaks but also tests climbers' resilience and determination, making it a coveted achievement in the mountaineering community. Safety, teamwork, and thorough preparation are essential for a successful Makalu Expedition.
Far more technical climb than Everest and other 8,000 metres mountains, the Makalu expedition is a thrill and hurdle for mountaineers. Rising above 8,485 metres, on Makalu Barun National Park and just 20 km South East to Mt. Everest, Makalu is a spectacular facet of 4 distinctive sides.
Before approaching the summit, first, you'll set a journey to the Makalu Base Camp trek after landing at Tumlingtar airport. The last remains of untouched vegetation and alpine meadows of Makalu Barun National Park make the hike serene. The true heaven of this landscape unfolds as we hike for days via Sedua, Num, Shipton La Pass, and Barun River. The appealing glimpses of Chamlang Himal and Makal collectively keep the hike to base camp engaging.
There's no denying the fact that Makalu is a technical and treacherous climb. The open, knife-exposed climbing ridges and the steep gradient of the summit climb are extremes of the Manaslu expedition. On top, unlike other 8,000ers, climbing the Makalu summit demands the technical abilities of ice and rock climbing. Hence, out of 234 summit attempts, nearly 27 have died during the ascent and descent, making it the 7th deadliest mountain in the world.
The world's 5th highest mountain, Makalu, sits in the Mahalangur range. It's an integral part of Everest, Lhotse, and Makalu, where some have often climbed all three in one window in recent years.
But some 70 years ago, in the Spring of 1954, an expedition named California Himalayan Expedition was set for Makalu Expedition. The team led by William Siri, followed by Allen Steck and William E. Long, climbed 7,100 metres near Makalu Camp III when a snowstorm hindered their attempt.
Almost a year after the first successful Everest summit in 1953, Edmund Hillary and his team from New Zealand attempted to climb Makalu in the spring of 1954 but remained unsuccessful. They sustained injuries and illnesses that made them abort the summit climb.
Ultimately, the late Spring of 1954 saw the first successful summit of the Makalu expedition, a French Expedition Team led by Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy. The following day on the 16th of May, 1955, Gyalzen Sherpa, Guido Magnone, and Franco from the French team became the second team to scale the Makalu summit. Andre Vialatte, Pierre Leroux, Jean Bouvier, and Serge Coupe were the climbers to reach the Makalu summit on the 17th of May, 1955.
There are two preferred Makalu summit routes, the NorthWest and Southeast Ridge. The climbing route becomes stiffer and steeper as you climb further higher. On leaving the Base Camp, you'll hike on comfortable glaciers and steep blue ice and snow terrains above Camp IV. The continuous climb on steep ridges in other seasons than Spring is often riskier than it usually is.
The fresh and deep snow in Spring lowers the chances of rockfalls and avalanches. World Expedition Nepal sets up four High Camps and one Advanced Base Camp. Camp I and II will be used for acclimatisation climb and rotation until you adapt to the environment. The summit push will be directly from Camp II to Camp III and staying at Camp IV for rest before pushing the summit.
We'll set Advanced Base Camp over the rocky surface of glacier moraines that offers the inspiring panorama of the Makalu region.
Here, our Sherpa guides will train you and take you to acclimatisation rotation, gear checks, and proper rest. Our full board service includes meals and accommodations at Advanced Base Camps. The kitchen, bathrooms, and personal tents for the accommodation of climbers from World Expedition Nepal will be properly set up and managed by the Makalu expedition crew.
As an homage, Sherpa will organise a Pooja ceremony to the mountain god, asking for permission to climb and the success of the Makalu expedition.
After leaving Advanced Base Camp, you'll experience the arduous demand of Makalu. Climbers have to navigate through the gradient ice-snow walls with the aid of fixed lines till Camp I. Our Sherpa will fix the rope long before we leave the Advanced Base Camp.
The setting of Camp I will be on top of the glacial plateau, where members from another expedition team will be in proximity. There'll be two nights of stay at Camp I for better acclimatisation.
The climb from Camp I at 6,400 metres to Camp Ii at 6,800 metres is the easiest and shortest climb in the entire Makalu expedition. For experienced climbers, it only takes one and a half hours to reach Camp II from Camp I.
Some sections en route to Camp II demand the use of Jumar, but otherwise, you'll walk by clipping the fixed rope to be cautious from crevasses.
Camp II sits on a 300-metre flat terrain, slightly inclined, at 6,600 metres. Most climbers climb to Camp II straight without stopping at Camp-I for day two during acclimatisation rotation and the summit day.
As you climb further, the more technical the climb becomes. The climb II to Camp III now gets technically arduous as you'll climb past the steeper open snow slopes, so deep that it may cover the crevasses and is prone to avalanche.
The French route, the route to Camp III via Makalu La and NorthWest ridge, consists of the terrain of blue ice and rocks. Thus, climbing the assorted terrain of blue ice and rocks till Makalu La at 7,450 metres, walking past 200 metres of the flat icy surface, takes us to Camp III at 7,400 metres.
The selection of an apt fixed-line and navigating through rocky terrain to Camp III drains climbers, mentally and physically.
Besides few, most climbers climb the summit directly from Camp III after a couple of hours of sleep. The most experienced climbers also take nearly 8 hours to reach the summit. For inexperienced climbers, it may take ten hours to scale the summit.
The navigation on blue ice becomes a hurdle before climbing a steep ridge. The climbing section hardly has any resting places besides one or two plateaus.
It takes around 20 minutes to reach the actual Makalu summit from the false summit. Most climbers climb to the false summit and can't progress further. But, World Expedition Nepal will have fixed lines till the false Makalu summit, and our Sherpa will take you to the actual Makalu summit.
The rewarding summit of Makalu offers magical glimpses of Everest and Lhotse, with countless mountains in sight.
Upon arriving at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) in Kathmandu, which is the main international airport in Nepal, you will go through the usual immigration and customs procedures.
Here's a detailed account of what to expect:
After disembarking from the aircraft, proceed to the immigration hall. Have your passport, visa (if required), and any necessary entry documents ready for inspection. Fill out the immigration form provided if needed. Once your documents are verified, the immigration officer will stamp your passport, allowing you to enter Nepal legally.
After clearing immigration, proceed to the baggage claim area to collect your checked luggage. Make sure to identify your bags correctly before leaving the carousel.
After retrieving your luggage, proceed to the customs clearance area. Here, you will need to submit a customs declaration form. The customs officer may randomly check your bags for any restricted or prohibited items. Nepal allows tourists to bring in reasonable amounts of personal belongings and duty-free items.
Once you pass through customs, you will enter the arrival hall of TIA. Look for your name or the name of World Expedition Nepal / our representative on placards held by drivers or guides. If you have pre-arranged transportation, your guide or driver will be waiting for you here.
Meet and Greet:
Your guide or the World Expedition Nepal representative will welcome you and assist you further. They will help you with your luggage and guide you to the transportation arranged for you.
Transfer to Hotel:
The guide or driver will accompany you to the vehicle, usually a private car or van. From the airport, you will head towards the city center or your designated hotel. The drive may take around 20 to 45 minutes, depending on the location of your hotel and traffic conditions.
Check-in at Hotel:
Upon reaching your hotel, you will proceed to the reception area for check-in. Provide your passport and reservation details to the hotel staff. They will verify your booking and allocate your room.
Rest and Refresh:
After checking in, you can head to your room to rest, refresh, and recover from the journey. Enjoy the amenities and services provided by the hotel.
Your guide or the World Expedition Nepal's representative may schedule a pre-expedition briefing at the hotel. This meeting will provide you with essential information about the upcoming Makalu Expedition, including the itinerary, necessary permits, equipment checks, and other important details.
Depending on your arrival time, you may have some free time to explore the nearby areas, rest, or do some last-minute shopping for any necessary expedition gear or supplies.
World Expedition Nepal will offers welcome dinner in Nepali Typical Restuarant.
Overnight stay in Kathmandu.
Today you wil have to go for documentation process.After having breakfast on your hotel, you will visit Nepal Tourism Office at Bhrikuti mandap with our representative. You will spend 2-3 hour for paper work .After that you will indulge cuisine in restuarant.
Certainly! Here's a detailed breakdown of the permit issue, expedition preparation, last-minute shopping, and briefing for the Makalu Expedition:
After completing the required process for Makalu Expedition, you will led back to the hotel and take rest here.
Overnight stay in Kathmandu.
After completing the necessary preparations, we will embark on our journey to Makalu Base Camp.
Here's a detailed outline of the flight from Kathmandu to Tumlingtar and the trek to Khadbari:
Flight from Kathmandu to Tumlingtar (1,040 m):
(Continued) Trek to Khadbari (1,040 m - 4 hrs walk):
Overnight in Khadbari.
Continuing from Khadbari, the next leg of the trek takes us to Chichila.
Here's a detailed itinerary for this part of the journey:
Trek from Khadbari to Chichila (1,830 m - 5/6 hrs walk):
Overnight in Chichila.
Continuing from Chichila, the next segment of the trek takes us to Num.
Here's a detailed itinerary for this part of the journey:
Trek from Chichila to Num (1,490 m - 5 hrs walk):
Overnight in Num.
Trek from Num to Sedua (1,460 m - 5/6 hrs walk):
Overnight in Sedua.
Trek from Sedua to Tashi Gaon (2,070 m - 5 hrs walk):
Overnight in Tashi Gaon.
Certainly! Here's a detailed itinerary for the trek from Tashi Gaon to Kauma:
Trek from Tashi Gaon to Kauma (3,470 m - 6 hrs walk):
Overnight in Kauma.
Taking a rest day at Kauma is an essential part of acclimatization during high-altitude treks and expeditions. It allows our body to adapt to the increasing elevation and reduces the risk of altitude-related illnesses.
Here's what a rest day at Kauma might look like:
Rest Day at Kauma:
Overnight stay in Kauma.
Trek from Kauma to Mumbuk (3,570 m - 5 hrs trek):
Overnight in Mumbuk.
Trek from Mumbuk to Neh Kharkha (3,700 m - 6 hrs trek):
Overnight in Neh Kharkha.
Trek from Neh Kharka to Sherson (4,615 m - 7 hrs trek):
Overnight in Sherson.
Trek from Sherson to Makalu Base Camp (5,000 m - 4/5 hrs trek):
Overnight at Makalu Base Camp.
Exploring Makalu Base Camp is a remarkable experience, offering breathtaking views of some of the world's highest peaks and pristine glacial landscapes. Here's what you can expect while exploring Makalu Base Camp:
Makalu Base Camp is surrounded by stunning mountain vistas, including the majestic Makalu (8,485 meters), the fifth highest peak in the world. The campsite provides a panoramic view of other prominent peaks, such as Everest (8,848 meters), Lhotse (8,516 meters), and Baruntse (7,129 meters), among others.
Makalu Base Camp lies adjacent to the massive Barun Glacier, an impressive and awe-inspiring ice sheet. The glacier's ice formations and crevasses offer a glimpse into the dynamic and ever-changing nature of these icy giants.
Trekking and Climbing Activities:
For those with mountaineering aspirations, Makalu Base Camp is a launching point for summit attempts on Makalu. Climbers and mountaineers can acclimatize here and prepare for the technical challenges that lie ahead.
The picturesque landscapes of Makalu Base Camp provide incredible opportunities for photography. The play of light on the snow-capped peaks during sunrise and sunset is particularly stunning.
Exploring the Surroundings:
We can take short hikes or excursions around the base camp to explore the nearby terrain. Our trekking guides can lead us to viewpoints or vantage points for even better views of the mountains.
Interaction with Climbers and Trekkers:
Makalu Base Camp attracts climbers and trekkers from around the world, providing a chance to meet fellow adventurers and share experiences.
Experience High-Altitude Camping:
Camping at such high altitudes is an adventure in itself. The nights are typically cold, so we'll need to be prepared with appropriate gear to stay warm and comfortable.
Respect for the Environment:
While exploring Makalu Base Camp, it's essential to practice responsible trekking and leave no trace behind. Respect the fragile environment and adhere to the principles of Leave No Trace to preserve the pristine beauty of this region.
Keep in mind that Makalu Base Camp is situated at a high altitude of around 5,000 meters. Take necessary precautions for acclimatization and be aware of altitude-related symptoms.
Overnight stay in Makalu Base Camp.
Taking a rest day at Makalu Base Camp is crucial for proper acclimatization and ensuring the well-being of trekkers and climbers.
Here's what a rest day at Makalu Base Camp might look like:
Rest Day at Makalu Base Camp:
Overnight stay in Makalu Base Camp.
During the climbing period for Makalu (8,463 meters), which typically spans from Day 16 to Day 45 of the expedition, climbers focus on making their summit push and attempting to reach the summit of the fifth highest peak in the world.
Here's what the climbing period might entail:
Day 16-20: Ascent to Higher Camps:
Day 21-35: Summit Attempts and Acclimatization:
Day 36-45: Summit Push and Descend:
Overnight stay in Tented Camp.
The trek back from Makalu Base Camp to Neh Kharka is a reverse of the earlier route taken during the ascent.
Trek from Makalu Base Camp to Neh Kharka (3,700 m - 6-7 hrs trek):
Overnight in Neh Kharka.
Trek from Neh Kharka to Mumbuk (3,570 m - 6 hrs trek):
Overnight in Mumbuk.
Trek from Mumbuk to Kauma (3,470 m - 5 hrs trek):
Overnight in Kauma.
Trek from Kauma to Tashi Gaon (2,070 m - 6 hrs trek):
Overnight in Tashi Gaon.
Trek from Tashi Gaon to Pakuwa (1,520 m - 6 hrs trek)
Overnight in Pakuwa.
Trek from Pakuwa to Bumlung (1,160 m - 5 hrs trek):
Overnight in Bumlung.
Trek from Bumling to Tumlingtar (860 m - 5 hrs trek):
Overnight in Tumlingtar.
Yes, after completing the trek and reaching Tumlingtar, we can fly back to Kathmandu. Tumlingtar has a domestic airport, and there are regular flights connecting Tumlingtar to Kathmandu's Tribhuvan International Airport.
The flight from Tumlingtar to Kathmandu offers us a scenic aerial view of the landscapes we trekked through during our Makalu expedition. We'll get a bird's-eye view of the Himalayan mountains and the beautiful hills and valleys of Nepal.
Upon arrival in Kathmandu, we can relax, celebrate our successful expedition, and reflect on the incredible journey we've experienced. Kathmandu offers various accommodation options, restaurants, and cultural attractions to explore, making it an excellent place to unwind after a challenging trek.
Overnighth stay in Kathmandu.
Spending leisure time in Kathmandu offers a wonderful opportunity to explore the rich cultural heritage and vibrant atmosphere of Nepal's capital city. Here's a detailed itinerary for leisure activities in Kathmandu:
At Leisure in Kathmandu
On your final day in Kathmandu, it's time to bid farewell to this beautiful city and depart for your onward journey.
Final Departure from Kathmandu
Full Board Service Excludes
Climbing Makalu is a challenging and technically demanding expedition. It presents various difficulties that make it a formidable climb even for experienced mountaineers. Here are the key difficulties encountered during a Makalu Expedition:
Makalu is the fifth-highest mountain in the world, with an elevation of 8,485 meters (27,838 feet). Climbers face the challenges of high altitude, where the air is thin and oxygen levels are significantly lower. Acclimatization is crucial to adapt the body to the extreme altitude and prevent altitude-related illnesses.
Makalu's routes involve technical climbing on mixed terrain, including steep snow and ice slopes, rock faces, and seracs. Climbers need to be skilled in ice and rock climbing techniques and proficient in using climbing gear such as crampons, ice axes, and ropes.
The weather on Makalu can be highly unpredictable, with frequent storms, strong winds, and extreme cold. Climbers must be prepared to endure harsh conditions and plan their ascent during the best weather window.
Makalu has objective dangers such as avalanches, serac collapses, and rockfall. Climbers need to assess and mitigate these risks, especially while passing through dangerous sections like the seracs of the Makalu La.
Finding the safest and most efficient route on Makalu can be challenging due to the complex terrain and crevassed glaciers. Climbers and their guides must have excellent route-finding skills.
Makalu is located in a remote and isolated region of Nepal, far from major towns and facilities. Access to the mountain involves trekking through rugged and challenging terrain, adding to the logistical complexities.
Physical and Mental Endurance:
Climbing Makalu requires peak physical fitness, mental resilience, and the ability to endure prolonged periods of physical exertion at high altitude.
Base Camp facilities are more basic compared to Everest's South or North Base Camp, and climbers must be prepared for a more self-sufficient and remote experience.
Due to the technical nature of the climb and the high-altitude challenges, climbers attempting Makalu must have significant high-altitude mountaineering experience, preferably with successful climbs of 8,000-meter peaks.
The best months for the Makalu Expedition are generally in the spring and autumn seasons. These months offer more favorable weather conditions and increased chances of a successful summit. The two primary climbing seasons for Makalu are as follows:
Spring Season (April to May):
Autumn Season (September to November):
Yes, altitude sickness is a significant concern during the Makalu Expedition, as it is a high-altitude climb that reaches extreme elevations. Makalu is the fifth-highest mountain in the world, with an elevation of 8,485 meters (27,838 feet) at its summit. Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), can occur when climbers ascend to high altitudes too quickly without giving their bodies enough time to acclimatize.
Altitude sickness is caused by the decreased air pressure and lower oxygen levels at high altitudes. Common symptoms of AMS include headache, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, loss of appetite, and difficulty sleeping. In more severe cases, high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE) can occur, which are life-threatening conditions that require immediate descent and medical attention.
Proper acclimatization is crucial for reducing the risk of altitude sickness during the Makalu Expedition. Climbers typically follow a gradual ascent profile, spending several days at intermediate camps to allow their bodies to adjust to the altitude. Adequate rest, hydration, and nutrition are also essential for acclimatization.
The first successful ascent of Makalu, the fifth-highest mountain in the world, was achieved by a French expedition team on May 15, 1955. The team was led by Jean Franco and included Lionel Terray, Jean Couzy, Franco Magnone, Gyalzen Norbu (a Sherpa climber), and other team members. They approached the mountain from the southeast side and established their base camp in the Makalu-La region. After a series of challenging climbs and facing adverse weather conditions, Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy reached the summit of Makalu, making history as the first climbers to conquer the peak. Their successful ascent of Makalu marked a significant achievement in the world of mountaineering and added another remarkable feat to the annals of Himalayan climbing.
Climbing difficulty is subjective and can vary depending on various factors such as the chosen route, weather conditions, and individual climber's experience and skill level. Both Makalu and Everest are among the world's highest and most challenging mountains, and each presents its own unique set of difficulties. Comparing the difficulty of Makalu and Everest is complex, as it depends on the specific route chosen for each mountain.
Makalu is known for its technical climbing challenges, especially on the French route, which includes steep ice and rock sections. The approach to Makalu also involves a difficult and exposed traverse through the treacherous Makalu-La region.
On the other hand, Everest is known for its high altitude and lengthy climbing duration, with the standard South Col route involving the Khumbu Icefall, the Western Cwm, and the Lhotse Face. Everest is also notorious for its unpredictable weather and high-altitude risks.
The difficulty of climbing Mount Everest can vary depending on the route chosen, but both the Tibetan and Nepalese sides present their own unique challenges.
Everest from Nepal (South Col Route):
Everest from Tibet (North Col Route):
There is no permanent helipad at the Makalu Base Camp. The Base Camp of Makalu is located in a remote and rugged terrain at a high altitude, which makes it challenging for helicopters to land directly at the campsite.
However, in certain situations, helicopters can be used for logistics and emergency purposes during Makalu expeditions. Helicopters can be used to transport equipment, supplies, and support staff to higher camps or other locations closer to the Base Camp. They can also be utilized for emergency evacuations in case of severe injuries or medical emergencies.
The Makalu region is relatively remote and lacks the same level of infrastructure and facilities as more popular tourist areas. As a result, credit card facilities may not be widely available during the Makalu Expedition.
In the larger towns and cities of Nepal, such as Kathmandu and Pokhara, credit cards are generally accepted in hotels, restaurants, and some shops. However, as you move into more remote and less developed areas, including the Makalu region, the availability of credit card payment facilities diminishes.
Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world and is located in the Himalayas, on the border between Nepal and China. It is a challenging peak to climb and generally requires experienced mountaineers to attempt it.
For a Makalu expedition, it is highly recommended to have a team of experienced climbers, guides, and porters to ensure safety, logistics, and success. Here's why:
Complexity and Difficulty:
Makalu is a technically demanding peak to climb, with challenging terrain, avalanches, and other hazards. Having experienced guides who know the route, have climbed the mountain before, and understand the challenges involved is crucial for your safety.
Altitude and Acclimatization:
Climbers need to go through a proper acclimatization process to adapt to high altitudes. Experienced guides can help you with this process and recognize signs of altitude sickness or other health issues.
Logistics and Supplies:
Expeditions to Makalu require a significant amount of equipment and supplies. Porters can help carry the heavy loads, allowing climbers to focus on climbing and not be weighed down by excessive gear.
Local Knowledge and Permits:
Guides and expedition companies have a good understanding of the local regulations, permit requirements, and liaison with the Nepali government and authorities, which is essential for a smooth expedition.
In case of any emergencies or accidents, experienced guides can provide immediate assistance and evacuation plans.
Environmental and Cultural Considerations:
Local guides and porters often have a deeper understanding of the local culture and environment, promoting responsible and sustainable mountaineering practices.
Climbing Makalu is a challenging and demanding expedition that requires specialized clothing, gear, and climbing equipment to ensure safety and success. Here is a detailed list of the essential items needed for a Makalu Expedition:
Climbing Specific Clothing:
Gear and Climbing Equipment:
Climbing Harness: A comfortable and adjustable harness for safety during climbing and rappelling.
Carabiners: Locking and non-locking carabiners for attaching gear and for rope management.
Climbing Helmet: A durable and well-fitted climbing helmet for head protection.
Crampons: Technical crampons designed for mountaineering on ice and snow.
Ice Axe: A mountaineering ice axe for self-arrest and for technical ice climbing.
Climbing Rope: Dynamic climbing ropes suitable for roped climbing.
Ascenders and Descenders: Devices for ascending and descending fixed ropes.
Snow Protection: Snow pickets and snow stakes for securing ropes on snow slopes.
Belay Device: Belay device for belaying climbers during roped climbing.
Rappel Device: Rappel device for descending on fixed ropes.
Ice Screws: Ice screws for protection on ice sections.
Prusik Loops: Prusik loops for self-rescue and crevasse rescue.
Snow Shovel: Compact and lightweight snow shovel for snow digging and avalanche safety.
Avalanche Transceiver: An avalanche transceiver for avalanche rescue.
Climbing Pack: A durable and spacious climbing pack for carrying gear and personal items.
Sleeping Bag: A high-quality down sleeping bag suitable for extreme cold temperatures.
Sleeping Pad: An insulated sleeping pad for comfort and warmth during camping.
Trekking Poles: Trekking poles for support during trekking and climbing.
During the Makalu Expedition, food and accommodation are crucial aspects of ensuring the climbers' well-being and success on the mountain. Here's what you can expect regarding food and accommodation during the expedition:
Base Camp: Base Camp serves as the main headquarters for the expedition. It is equipped with dining tents and kitchen facilities to provide meals for the climbers and support staff. Expedition teams usually have a team of cooks and kitchen staff who prepare a variety of meals to cater to different tastes and dietary preferences. The meals at Base Camp typically include a combination of local and international dishes, such as pasta, rice, soups, vegetables, meats, and snacks.
High Camps: As climbers move higher on the mountain, the availability of fresh food becomes limited due to logistical challenges. At higher camps, climbers mainly rely on pre-packaged, dehydrated, and lightweight meals. These meals are easy to carry and require minimal cooking time, making them suitable for the high-altitude environment.
Snacks and Supplements: Climbers also carry a variety of energy bars, snacks, and nutritional supplements to keep their energy levels up during the climb. These items provide quick and easily digestible calories to sustain them during strenuous climbing activities.
Hydration: Proper hydration is crucial at high altitudes. Expedition teams carry enough water and use water purification methods to ensure a safe and ample supply of drinking water. Staying hydrated is essential to prevent altitude-related illnesses.
Base Camp: Base Camp is the main accommodation site during the expedition. It consists of spacious tents equipped with comfortable sleeping pads or cots for climbers and support staff. Base Camp facilities are designed to provide a relatively comfortable environment despite the rugged terrain.
High Camps: At higher camps, climbers use specialized high-altitude tents that are lightweight, durable, and designed to withstand harsh weather conditions. These tents are essential for providing protection and shelter during the climbing phase.
Kathmandu Accommodation: In Kathmandu, climbers and support teams stay at comfortable hotels or guesthouses before and after the expedition. These accommodations provide a more relaxed environment for rest, preparation, and post-expedition celebration.
For the Makalu Expedition, several permit documents are required to ensure proper authorization for climbing in the Makalu region. Here are the main permit documents needed:
Climbing Permit for Makalu:
TIMS (Trekkers' Information Management System) Card:
Sagarmatha National Park Permit:
Makalu Conservation Area Permit:
The cost of the Makalu Expedition can vary significantly depending on various factors, including the trekking agency or expedition organizer, the level of support and services provided, the number of climbers in the team, and the length of the expedition. The cost for a well-organized Makalu Expedition can range from $30,000 to $50,000 or more per person.
The cost typically includes various components such as:
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